e-filing in Japan

Japanese Government try  to introduc e-filing in judicial procedure systems.

Cabinet Secretariat held the Research committee of Judicial Procedures.

We can read the reference documents produced to the committee.

I was surprised to see the references produced by Supreme Court.

Only four page slides were produced.And the contents were so poor that we are in despair.

At page four

 Tele conference sysytem.

Television conference system(Closed networjk for security concern)

Page five

Provosional Payment system

More than Ninety cases

Present civil procedure.

Page Seven

Future of IT civil procedure.

 Important subject

 How utulize the IT to realize the accelerated /efficient civil procedure.

Challenges to overcome

How to consider people who cannot use IT.

           How to secure information security.

Detailed challenges

That’s all!! Probably Japanese Supreme Court may be kidding.

They do not know  Japanese Court is not so high evaluated. I think they believe   Japanese Court  system is the best legal system in the world.

“A frog in the well knows not the sea”. It is a ridiculous to make a investment to such a country which lack the sense of internationality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

no brothers and/or sisters

(N) No there are no brothers and/or sisters

In this case, it means that there is no heir.

In the absence of an heir, an inherited property manager will be appointed and sometimes deal with its property relationship.

 

No spouse No children No ascendant Yes Brothers/sisters (Different parent)

(N) No. Share the only one parent.

As mentioned in the previous entry,

Civil Code 900 Article 4 set out

iv) if there are two or more children, lineal ascendants, or siblings, the share in the inheritance of each shall be divide : divided equally; provided that the share in inheritance of an child out of wedlock shall be one half of the share in inheritance of a child in wedlock, and the share in inheritance of a sibling who shares only one parent the share in inheritance of a sibling who shares both parentswith the decedent shall be one half of the share in inheritance of a sibling who shares both parents.

 A “sibling who shares only one parent with the decedent shall be one half of the share”.

For statutory inheritance, in this case, brothers and sisters who share only one parent will be half of brothers and sisters who share the same.

No spouse No children No ascendant Yes btothers/Sisters (same parent )

(Y) Yes. Brothers and sisters share the same their parents.

According to the Civil Code Article900 . In paragraph 4,

iv) if there are two or more children, lineal ascendants, or siblings, the share in theinheritance of each shall be divided equally; provided that the share in inheritance of an child out of wedlock shall be one half of the share in inheritance of a child in wedlock, and the share in inheritance of a sibling who shares only one parent with the decedent shall be one half of the share in inheritance of a sibling who shares both parents.

In this case, it means that brothers and sisters who share the same parents (sometimes siblings of whole blood), so the inheritance becomes even.

In addition, if brothers and sisters are dead, their children will be inherited